An Indian wedding cannot be defined by just one set of rituals or one vision. Indian wedding traditions and customs are diverse. Every different state has a different set of traditions and culture. The true secularity of India reflects through the various kinds of Indian weddings we observe throughout the years, over generations.
Indian weddings can be simple, humble, and peacefully quiet. They can be a big fat pompous show of colours and riches. If we are to observe the various Indian wedding traditions, it is bound to get confusing. Subtle differences mark one custom from another, while some other traditions are totally different from the rest.
Foreigners take a deep interest in the traditional Indian wedding. But surprisingly enough, some of us Indians ourselves are not aware of the various types of Indian weddings. As the traditions are flexing to accommodate each other, with interstate and inter traditional marriages becoming the norm, we need to know about the various Indian wedding customs that exist.
Some Indian wedding customs have stayed put from ages back while some have been incorporated from Western weddings, only recently. Despite the communal issues that surface due to politics, the Indian people are mostly very curious about different traditions and they like to pick up some customs from each other. This is why the Indian weddings have elaborate rituals that include the archaic traditions that are carried forward from forefather’s unknown, as well as new ones that are appreciated by many because of the thought that goes into them.
Here are some Indian wedding customs that are popular in their own regions and are slowly gaining popularity in other parts of the country.
- Bengali Wedding Traditions
Bengalis are progressive and Bengali girls and boys are quite a catch, to generalise of course. But the Bengali wedding traditions are still pretty old ones. They reflect the orthodox marriages of some generations past. For example, there is the ‘shubha drishti’, meaning something like the ‘holy meet’.
The Bengali bride enters hiding her face with betel leaves. The ‘saat paak’ in Bengali weddings don’t have the bride and groom encircling the agnee but the bride encircling the groom seven times. She has her face hidden through the seven circles. She is carried by four of her closest male family members or friends. At the end of the seven rounds, she steps down and stands in front of the groom, revealing her face so that the bride and the groom’s eyes can meet. This is ‘shubho drishti’.
Although every Bengali bride and groom knows each other before marriage, and most have been friends or in a relationship for quite a while, the tradition has stuck from times when this ‘shubho drishti’ was literally the first time the bride and the groom met each other in person. Strange it is. But this tradition sets the Bengali wedding apart from every other type of Indian wedding. The Bengali bride putting the betel leaves down and slowly looking up is the symbol of a typical Bengali wedding.
- Punjabi and Sikh Weddings
Punjabis and Sikhs are the most generous and enthusiastic Indians. Many people consider Punjabis and Sikhs to be the same people because the similar customs they follow and the area they live in. But there are subtle differences between Punjabis and Sikhs. Their traditions are similar, yet not the same. To generalise, they are both impulsive, fun loving, and warm hearted. So you can imagine what a Punjabi or Sikh wedding would be like, full of colours, lots of food, and a lot of dancing with innovative ideas for sangeet ceremony. But let’s take a look into the ceremonies and wedding rituals as well.
Punjabi wedding rituals begin with the bride’s maternal uncle gifting her the ominous churha. These are red and white bangles that signify the beginning of a wedding and mark the marital status of a woman, as married women wear them after the wedding as well. The Ghara Ghardoli ceremony follows. The bride and the groom are bathed in the holy water at the Gurudwara. All this takes place during the day because the garland exchange and final wedding rituals take place late in the evening.
Punjabi and Sikh weddings are long and stretch into the night. Sikh weddings happen during the day with the ardaas at the Gurudwara. The Punjabi wedding with the mantras and phere itself happens late at night, after the dinner. But there is not a tired soul, not a pair of droopy eyes. The enthusiasm of Punjabis and Sikhs are contagious. If you lack drive in your life, attend a Punjabi or Sikh wedding, or just visit a Sikh family. They are loving, and full of energy. Even if you are the quiet type, their energy is bound to rub off on you.
Some rituals of Punjabi and Sikh weddings are becoming popular in other types of Indian weddings too. Mehendi is already popular and as new event now a days Mehendi party are gracefully organized and has become quite the part of all Indian weddings, even the ones where it wasn’t traditionally a part. Roka, Varmala, Milni, are all originally Punjabi and Sikh wedding rituals.
- Gujarati Wedding Traditions
Gujratis are fun loving too. More than anything else, they are extravagant when it comes to any big ceremony. The Gujratis are the only ones whose enthusiasm come any close to that of Punjabis and Sikhs. They have this loud energy for weddings. There is a grandeur in Gujrati weddings because no matter how calculative they are about money in general when it comes to weddings, they splurge like it’s nobody’s business.
Gujarati weddings are versatile in itself because there are many sub sects with a different set of rituals. Patels have a different set of rituals. The Naagars have some Brahmin rituals. Overall, a Gujarati wedding can be distinguished from other Indian weddings because there are some typical differences. A Gujarati mangal phera comprises just four phere instead of the usual seven in most other Indian wedding traditions. These four phere signify ‘Dharma’, ‘Artha’, ‘Kama’, and ‘Moksha’, the four pillars of a successful marriage according to Gujarati culture and belief. The Jaimaala in a Gujarati wedding is exchanged twice, instead of the usual just one time, or three times.
Some Gujarati weddings have the kanku kanya ritual. The bride is accepted with the vermillion being the only sign of marriage on her. She comes without any dowry, just as she is. This progressive ritual is typical to Naagar Brahmin Gujarati weddings. Gujratis are businesspeople and many marriages have their roots in business partnerships. But when it comes to the bride, she is given utmost importance, over any money or dowry. Or at least, so is the ritual.
- Tamil Weddings Traditions
Tamil weddings are the most elaborate. Yes, without a doubt, Tamil wedding rituals are the most elaborate. Some rituals are short while some are long but they are all essential. Even the modern Tamil weddings don’t skip any of the important rituals. They start with Panda Kaal Muhurtham and sumangali poojas to bless the wedding day and the married women at the wedding.
These rituals are followed by pallikai thellichal and naandi shrardham rituals. After all this, comes the engagement or Nichayathartham. A Ganesh pooja is mandatory at the beginning of the engagement. Then comes kumkum, chandan, and garlands, followed by the ring exchange .
Lagna pathirikai, mangala snaanam, Gauri pooja, Kashi yatra, pada pooja, and Oonjal follow. Then comes kanyadaan, muhurtham, and saptapadi to complete the wedding. The wedding itself is followed by three rituals, sammandhi maryathai, grihapravesh, and valeyadal. Tamil weddings seem to go on forever creating memories and exciting wedding stories. It brings out the seriousness Indian traditions are dealt with even in modern weddings.
- Maharashtrian Wedding Traditions
Maharashtrian weddings have elaborate rituals starting with the engagement. It is called ‘shakhar puda’. The bride is given a saree and some sweets as blessings from her new family to be. Kelvan and Haldi ceremonies take place at the bride’s home as well as at the groom’s home.
On the wedding day, the couple has a barrier of a silk shawl between them and the ‘mangalashtak’ is recited. There are quite a few rituals before tying the knot, one of the rituals being the bride and groom officially asking for their parents’ permission to do so. After this, the phere and the whole wedding process takes place. It all happens during the day.
After the wedding, it is time for Grihapravesh, which is typical to many Indian weddings. But in a Maharashtrian wedding, the bride and groom’s feet are washed with milk before they enter the bride’s new home. Maharashtrian wedding rituals are elaborate but the food and celebrations aren’t ignored. The food and hospitality the guests receive are bountiful.
These are some of the richest Indian wedding traditions as well as the commonest. They are versatile and elaborate, fun and serious. An Indian wedding has it all.
Article Published on Oyorooms
Avoiding Marina Fires With Highly Functional Power Pedestals
Managing marina fires
Marina fires are a dangerous call to significant losses on multi-investments of boat owners. Mismanaged and ignored hazards that can cause marina fires to constitute a significant source of most reported marina fires. In some cases, people tend to leave electrical appliances unattended to like heaters. Poor electrical connections also contribute primarily to marina fires. These infernos can get so rapid to the extent of not being able to be managed by the firefighters. From the investigations reports tabled by detectives on marina fires, most of them are caused by human fault due to negligence or lack of proper knowledge.
Have you heard of power pedestals?
Power pedestals are outdoor stations made to provide a safe custom power supply to various users. They are stationed at an accessible point where anyone can easily access and successfully fulfil their power requirements. Initially, power bases were made of metal material, but as the world advanced on technological aspects, durable and robust materials are now used. Since these power bases are placed outside, they are highly susceptible to harsh and destructive conditions like rust to high humidity levels. As more electric cars are taking over the market, so the need for power bases. There are more than one use for power bases rather than phone charging in malls, and power bases are also used for electric cars, golf carts, block heaters, to mention a few.
A marina with good power sourcing point becomes attractive to many boat owners to dock their boats. A highly functional and safe power base can improve docking customer rate by a considerable margin. Many people consider their safety as well as of their ships and wouldn’t wish to risk what they have invested in overtime. A poorly installed power base on the dock can be very dangerous to the well-being of boat owners should it experience a short circuit malfunction and bursts into flames. What boat owners need to consider their power bases for safety sake is;
Power bases should emit adequate light on the dock path. Poor lighting might promote much worse dangers while docking the boat, therefore, putting boat owners and other boat users in profound insecurities. They should immediately contact an electrical technician to correct any lighting issues with the power bases.
Consider seeking useful and essential advice from a well-informed expert for your power bases. In as much as people try to spend less but hope for quality, everyone’s immediate safety should not be comprised. Boat owners’ protection should be a priority at all times by understanding the different available options which consider user’s security first. As they say, cheap is expensive. It will be so costly to buy a new boat for not wanting to spend on a quality power base.
To achieve this, a well-trained and professional electrician should install the power bases considering all the available threatening factors such as rain, lightening and seawater. These factors are capable of striking a fire on the dock; therefore handling then up hand will salvage a lot of property from being torched to ashes. Boat owners are advised to ensure their power bases are correctly installed to meet the safety measures of marinas.
A highly functional power base does not only serve as a useful power source but also should be able to help for a long time with minimal damages. They should be ready to face off all weather conditions that might reduce its productivity. This will assure docking boat owners a long time of service and point of reliable energy.
Wood walker And Linemen Safety
In this lesson, we will focus on the best place to store electrical tools and wires. We will cover the new position of the electrician. Here we will examine one of the best methods to run your home power supply; the snipped back cable. Before we begin, we will introduce the term “power circuit” and its definition.
The wire or the path that connects the supply to the circuit. Once we understand the three types of power circuits, you can examine the advantages and disadvantages of them. Beginning the lesson, we will provide additional knowledge on electricians. And we will go through four methods for running the circuit. Here we will look at each method in the switch pole position.
Electrical linemen and Wood Walkers produce and connect the line-power. Although obviously efficient, it is impractical to electrify all the overhead lines.
electrical woodworkers, it’s important that you take advantage of all the tools and facilities the company provides to you to ensure that your job goes as smoothly as possible.
electricians are exposed to hazards such as fire, explosion and lightning, and electric companies also must respond to emergency situations such as equipment malfunctions and power surges. The competition isn’t bad, but more powerful and cheaper versions can be used elsewhere.
An elevator can be the difference between going up or down. Have a skill with a drill that you can show employees so that they can lift and move heavy objects at work every day.
On the customer side, a customer-managed system would be able to provide a wide range of microservices, including new devices and data storage, to compliment an eventual jump to cell service. A user would effectively make a one-time investment for the service or pay a monthly fee.
Electricians to your case even if you have not started laying the foundations. You might have heard of the mantra: start and stop the case if there is no room for space. What it means is that, so long as there are still limited space for electricians in your case even if you have not started laying the foundations, add electrical lineman’s action in whatever area is larger and try to stop them from damaging any of your structures.
You want them to stay away from the electrical panel to your case when they work there, not take your case apart. The bill of materials for laying the foundations is not large enough to accommodate an electrical lineman. When laying a foundation, use the coiled rods method. Install the pillars and cabinets in the center of the main room.
Electricians are hired at prices that rival those of professional electricians. Electrical safety and security training is a requirement for their certification. Also, they often charge a small fee to turn off or restart a home’s electrical equipment.
While many states and local governments require electrical contractors to have a license to practice, not all states require electrical contractors to be licensed.
Electricity workers safety is at risk because of the continued secrecy surrounding worker injuries. Let’s say a boiler explodes.
Surveys show that a disproportionate number of workers injured in the workplace are non-Hispanic whites. Working-class people of color are also less likely to receive workers’ compensation.
We need a national discussion about how we work together to ensure that communities of color are not disadvantaged because their communities are at higher risk of job-related accidents.
electrical linemen, Wood Walkers, electrical drivers and electricians. These men make up the fastest growing segment of the U.S. workforce, and are well paid for their efforts and are capable of performing some of the most complex tasks.