Connect with us


Baseball and Softball



Baseball and softball are extremely popular among America’s youth. Injuries are common because of the large number of athletes participating. While most injuries are acute, there are specific overuse injuries that commonly affect young ball players. Most of these injuries can be prevented.

The following is information from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) about how to prevent baseball and softball injuries. Also included is an overview of common injuries.

Injury Prevention and Safety Tips

Sports Physical Exam

Athletes should have a preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) to make sure they are ready to safely begin the sport. The best time for a PPE is about 4 to 6 weeks before the beginning of the season. Athletes also should see their doctors for routine well-child checkups.


Athletes should maintain a good fitness level during the season and off-season. Preseason training should allow time for general conditioning and sport-specific conditioning. Also important are proper warm-up and cool-down exercises.


Athletes should learn and practice safe techniques for performing the skills that are integral to their sport. For example, baseball and softball players should avoid headfirst slides, and run bases with a helmet and break-away bases. Athletes should work with coaches and athletic trainers on achieving proper technique.


Safety gear should fit properly and be well maintained

  • Protective eyewear. Glasses or goggles should be made with polycarbonate or a similar material. The material should conform to the standards of the American Society for Testing and Materials. Batting helmets and catcher’s masks with face masks also are recommended.
  • Shoes with rubber (not metal) spikes
  • Pads (knee and shin guards)
  • Athletic supporters and cups for boys
  • For catchers: helmets with face guards, throat guards, knee-saver pads, and chest protectors (Note: Chest protectors cannot prevent direct trauma to the heart.)
  • For batters: batting helmets, face guards
  • Safety baseballs (Softer balls decrease overall injury from getting struck by the ball in addition to lowering the risk of commotio cordis.)
  • Image result for Baseball and Softball


  • Heat. Proper hydration and scheduling practices and games during cooler times of the day can prevent heat-related illness and dehydration.
  • Lightning. Guidelines should be in place to postpone play until a safer time. Play should be stopped for 30 minutes after the last strike if lightning is detected within a 6-mile radius (follow the 5 second per mile rule). A safe area (buildings with metal pipes or well-grounded wires) should be identified ahead of time. No one should stand under the bleachers or other non-grounded structures.
  • The field. A safe playing field is free of debris; holes and uneven surfaces should be repaired. The infield and pitcher’s mounds should be raked and smoothed regularly. Evening games should be well lit. Breakaway bases should be used to reduce injuries from sliding. A runner’s base placed to the right of the first base foul line in the runner’s lane is one way to help prevent collisions at first base. Safety screens should be in place to protect the dugouts from balls and thrown bats.

Emergency Plan

Teams should develop and practice an emergency plan so that team members know their roles in emergency situations. The plan would include first aid and emergency contact information. All members of the team should receive a written copy each season. Parents also should be familiar with the plan and review it with their children.

Common Injuries

General Treatment for Acute Injuries

Rest, ice, compression, and elevation is the first step in treating an acute injury accompanied by pain and swelling. Athletes should stop playing and apply ice directly to the injured area for 20 minutes. After icing, an ACE bandage can be used to limit swelling. The injured area should be raised above the heart to limit swelling.


Shoulder Injuries

Shoulder impingement is an overuse injury that causes achy pain on the front or side of the shoulder. The pain is felt most when the arm is overhead or extended to the side. Shoulder impingement is common in young athletes with weak upper back and shoulder muscles. Off-season stretching of the back of the shoulder and strengthening of the shoulder blade and core muscles can help prevent these injuries.

Baseball pitchers and other high-volume throwers (for example, catchers) are at risk for Little League shoulder, an irritation to the growth plate in the humerus bone of the shoulder. Limiting the number of pitches a player can throw during a practice or game can help prevent these types of overuse injuries (pitch count guidelines based on age are published by USA Baseball). Any athlete who has shoulder pain for more than 7 to 10 days should see a doctor.

Elbow Injuries

Elbow injuries are very common in baseball players, especially pitchers, and include Little League elbow (irritation of the growth plate of the humerus bone of the elbow). As with shoulder injuries, limiting the number of pitches a player throws during a practice or game can help prevent overuse injuries.

Ankle Injuries

Ankle injuries often occur as a result of uneven playing fields or sliding into bases, or from improper rehabilitation/ protection after injury. Fields should be well maintained and breakaway bases should be used. Use of ankle braces and ankle exercises that strengthen and improve balance of the ankles may prevent repeat injury.

Eye Injuries

Eye injuries typically occur from contact with the ball, bat, or a finger. Any injury that affects vision or is associated with swelling or blood inside the eye should be evaluated by an ophthalmologist. Athletes should also stay a safe distance away from any player swinging a bat or playing catch. The AAP recommends that children involved in organized sports wear appropriate protective eyewear.

Heat-Related Illnesses

Athletes who are dizzy or confused, or complain of a headache, are most likely suffering from heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Any athlete suspected of having heat illness should immediately be removed from play, cooled by any means available, and transported by emergency medical services (call 911).

Heat-related illnesses can be prevented when athletes are given adequate time to get used to exercising in the heat (usually takes 1 to 2 weeks). Drinking water or a sports drink before, during, and after training, as well as avoiding stimulants including caffeine, can also help.

Related image

Commotio Cordis

Sudden death as a result of a significant impact to the chest is known as commotio cordis. The usual cause is impact from a baseball, lacrosse ball, or puck, or a direct blow in football or hockey. Recognition and resuscitation alone are rarely successful; however, if available an automated external defibrillator can successfully resuscitate athletes with this condition.


Baseball and softball injuries can be prevented when fair play is encouraged and the rules of the game are enforced. Also, athletes should use the appropriate equipment and safety guidelines should always be followed.

Source Article:

Continue Reading


Top 5 reasons why online Judi bola enjoys meteoric success




Judi bola enjoys meteoric success

There are so many pastimes in the world, which are considered to be popular among people who do not leave even a single thing that they can enjoy or avail of online. Facts and myths about the way it has become one of the most popular pastimes may vary with each year that passes. If you love this game for fun or gambling money, you will love to play Judi bola here, which has risen from a small niche.

The thrill of online gaming has the power to keep you absorbed for years. It doesn’t matter you play Judi online for real money or for fun. Every day, numerous gamblers from around the world log into online gambling sites including veteran players and amateur people. After the trend of playing Bandar bola online has been on the rise, the trend of playing at a land-based Casino is becoming far less popular each day that passes for obvious reasons.

In order to understand those great benefits of playing Judi bola online, it is advisable to check out the list of top advantages, and everything will be absolutely clear to your mind. Not every game enjoys such meteoric success that becomes part of online Judi bola!

There is a long list of factors, reasons, and facts that together give Judi bola online its edge. One of the main or very basic reasons is ‘convenience’, which can be thought of as the number one online gambling benefits, for sure.

The fundamental reason to make you play at online gambling is nothing else but the comfort of where you are, whether it is your home, office or another place or even you are out and about on the train. With the internet, you are able to gamble from the comfort of your home no matter which thing you want to gamble but it can be money in most of the sites.

Continue Reading


Core Training – Discover the Finest Core Training for Athlete




The core contains the four muscle groups which make up the core region of the body. These muscle groups contain top of the abs, the reduced abs, the obliques, and the muscles at your lower back. It’s important for the trainer to focus not just on these groups of muscles, but on your system as well. Complete core training for athletes is the main element of a well-balanced core training exercise routine.

There are so many health benefits that come along with keeping fit. Here are some easy ideas that could support you obtain began in your core training exercise!


Get turning everybody else! Performing the ‘pose’ or salsa dance is a good way to start building your core training workout. The turning helps you to secure and solidify your core. Pose that fat off your body like you did last time’.


Discover ways to do some easy complete human body extends and do them every day! Get 15-20 minutes and extend your core! Extending is vital to getting excellent freedom and blocking injury. Every core training exercise includes some sort of extending workouts!



Begin performing some balances. Stay on a single base and seize the elevated base together with your other give (behind your back) and stability yourself for half an hour! Use your free give to assist you to hold yourself steady. Move and do another side. Handling is perfect for your core training exercise! Your Core muscles will be the muscles that supply you with the power to help keep your balance. When you have difficulty in keeping your stability on a single platform, then you have to undertake a core training workout.

Training as a Core Trainer

Core conditioning certification is no more limited to gyms or exercise groups today. You can acquire Core training accreditation from prestigious universities. However, these levels aren’t just accessible in-campus but are also accessible online; thus, making it simpler for all who wish to become skilled trainers.

Continue Reading


Copyright © 2018-19 offcce - Offcce Team