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Baseball and Softball

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Baseball and softball are extremely popular among America’s youth. Injuries are common because of the large number of athletes participating. While most injuries are acute, there are specific overuse injuries that commonly affect young ball players. Most of these injuries can be prevented.

The following is information from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) about how to prevent baseball and softball injuries. Also included is an overview of common injuries.

Injury Prevention and Safety Tips

Sports Physical Exam

Athletes should have a preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) to make sure they are ready to safely begin the sport. The best time for a PPE is about 4 to 6 weeks before the beginning of the season. Athletes also should see their doctors for routine well-child checkups.

Fitness

Athletes should maintain a good fitness level during the season and off-season. Preseason training should allow time for general conditioning and sport-specific conditioning. Also important are proper warm-up and cool-down exercises.

Technique

Athletes should learn and practice safe techniques for performing the skills that are integral to their sport. For example, baseball and softball players should avoid headfirst slides, and run bases with a helmet and break-away bases. Athletes should work with coaches and athletic trainers on achieving proper technique.

Equipment

Safety gear should fit properly and be well maintained

  • Protective eyewear. Glasses or goggles should be made with polycarbonate or a similar material. The material should conform to the standards of the American Society for Testing and Materials. Batting helmets and catcher’s masks with face masks also are recommended.
  • Shoes with rubber (not metal) spikes
  • Pads (knee and shin guards)
  • Athletic supporters and cups for boys
  • For catchers: helmets with face guards, throat guards, knee-saver pads, and chest protectors (Note: Chest protectors cannot prevent direct trauma to the heart.)
  • For batters: batting helmets, face guards
  • Safety baseballs (Softer balls decrease overall injury from getting struck by the ball in addition to lowering the risk of commotio cordis.)
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Environment

  • Heat. Proper hydration and scheduling practices and games during cooler times of the day can prevent heat-related illness and dehydration.
  • Lightning. Guidelines should be in place to postpone play until a safer time. Play should be stopped for 30 minutes after the last strike if lightning is detected within a 6-mile radius (follow the 5 second per mile rule). A safe area (buildings with metal pipes or well-grounded wires) should be identified ahead of time. No one should stand under the bleachers or other non-grounded structures.
  • The field. A safe playing field is free of debris; holes and uneven surfaces should be repaired. The infield and pitcher’s mounds should be raked and smoothed regularly. Evening games should be well lit. Breakaway bases should be used to reduce injuries from sliding. A runner’s base placed to the right of the first base foul line in the runner’s lane is one way to help prevent collisions at first base. Safety screens should be in place to protect the dugouts from balls and thrown bats.

Emergency Plan

Teams should develop and practice an emergency plan so that team members know their roles in emergency situations. The plan would include first aid and emergency contact information. All members of the team should receive a written copy each season. Parents also should be familiar with the plan and review it with their children.

Common Injuries

General Treatment for Acute Injuries

Rest, ice, compression, and elevation is the first step in treating an acute injury accompanied by pain and swelling. Athletes should stop playing and apply ice directly to the injured area for 20 minutes. After icing, an ACE bandage can be used to limit swelling. The injured area should be raised above the heart to limit swelling.

 

Shoulder Injuries

Shoulder impingement is an overuse injury that causes achy pain on the front or side of the shoulder. The pain is felt most when the arm is overhead or extended to the side. Shoulder impingement is common in young athletes with weak upper back and shoulder muscles. Off-season stretching of the back of the shoulder and strengthening of the shoulder blade and core muscles can help prevent these injuries.

Baseball pitchers and other high-volume throwers (for example, catchers) are at risk for Little League shoulder, an irritation to the growth plate in the humerus bone of the shoulder. Limiting the number of pitches a player can throw during a practice or game can help prevent these types of overuse injuries (pitch count guidelines based on age are published by USA Baseball). Any athlete who has shoulder pain for more than 7 to 10 days should see a doctor.

Elbow Injuries

Elbow injuries are very common in baseball players, especially pitchers, and include Little League elbow (irritation of the growth plate of the humerus bone of the elbow). As with shoulder injuries, limiting the number of pitches a player throws during a practice or game can help prevent overuse injuries.

Ankle Injuries

Ankle injuries often occur as a result of uneven playing fields or sliding into bases, or from improper rehabilitation/ protection after injury. Fields should be well maintained and breakaway bases should be used. Use of ankle braces and ankle exercises that strengthen and improve balance of the ankles may prevent repeat injury.

Eye Injuries

Eye injuries typically occur from contact with the ball, bat, or a finger. Any injury that affects vision or is associated with swelling or blood inside the eye should be evaluated by an ophthalmologist. Athletes should also stay a safe distance away from any player swinging a bat or playing catch. The AAP recommends that children involved in organized sports wear appropriate protective eyewear.

Heat-Related Illnesses

Athletes who are dizzy or confused, or complain of a headache, are most likely suffering from heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Any athlete suspected of having heat illness should immediately be removed from play, cooled by any means available, and transported by emergency medical services (call 911).

Heat-related illnesses can be prevented when athletes are given adequate time to get used to exercising in the heat (usually takes 1 to 2 weeks). Drinking water or a sports drink before, during, and after training, as well as avoiding stimulants including caffeine, can also help.

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Commotio Cordis

Sudden death as a result of a significant impact to the chest is known as commotio cordis. The usual cause is impact from a baseball, lacrosse ball, or puck, or a direct blow in football or hockey. Recognition and resuscitation alone are rarely successful; however, if available an automated external defibrillator can successfully resuscitate athletes with this condition.

Remember

Baseball and softball injuries can be prevented when fair play is encouraged and the rules of the game are enforced. Also, athletes should use the appropriate equipment and safety guidelines should always be followed.

Source Article: www.healthychildren.org

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Youth Gambling – The Addiction danger

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Problem gambling is referred to as a gambling addiction and referred to as a gambling disorder. Right from children to adults it affects people of all ages. If a person is introduced to the gambling in early ears as he grows will become a problem gambler. So this has to be considered as a serious issue, especially in teenagers this has to be halted early or else it will affect them the rest of their lives. Brains are not completely matured in early twenty’s. Children and teenagers’ brains are not fully prepared to make healthy decisions. And they will not think of the consequence in taking any decision.

It’s not the mistake of the children and it starts very innocently. Family members sit around the table and play an online casino one fine weekend with a grand dinner. The children will observe every moment of their parents, their emotions, excitements, Children when they are exposed to play games in mobile father or mothers, initially it starts with fun of picking up the coins, gradually the children will get frustrated if they couldn’t have enough coins to play further. This over a period could be a shift from fun play to money play.

This is just a start point where the children are exposed to gambling at very early age. They start observing the actions, excitement of their friends and families and they will try to replicate those. They start viewing the advertisements and start on a very small video gaming activities. Also during schools children get very much influenced by their friends. The friends form groups and influence their peers to participate in the betting .They start seeing the advertisements in TV’s ,posters, bill boards and even online and get attracted to the colourful messaging’s. These days the children are very much better in mobile using than parents.

They are getting exposed to the new online games in phones either playing for fun, fake money or real money. These online games build competition among their friends and unknown people and they continue playing the game till they cross levels or win. The moment the online games are easily accessible for children they start playing irrespective of the location weather it can be at home or even at school. Once the children get into high school they start playing without the notice of their teachers and parents. College students are independent and this is the time where they are surrounded by more new opportunities exposed to new activities and also take part in risky activities. College students either take part in gambling activities either for fun, name or money. As they never have access to money from their parents, they start doing the problem activities to earn money out of their own. It is always a good idea to play situs slot online game after knowing the basics and the tricks to win.

Finally, there has to be more efforts to be put up by the concerned of the children to get rid of the underage gambling addiction. One to one counselling by experienced trainers to be given to the problem gamblers that their life could be repaired at a very early stage. Technology should be used for the benefit of elf and others lives. It should be used in the right way. Parents also have to take the responsibility to monitor their kid in each stage of their life, at the same time giving freedom to them in their wishes and dreams.

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Sports Tips For Professional gamblers

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Sports Tips is an online sports business dedicated solely to the promotion of basketball (NBBA) for both NBA teams and other professional sports teams throughout the year offering free betting tips and picks to their subscribers all throughout the year for all matches regardless of whether they are being played or not. They also predict all the major NBA matches, reporting on all the major events including player injuries, transfer news, etc. Their tips are exclusive and you can take advantage of them to earn some money. You can start by becoming a newsletter subscriber. You will receive newsletters on a weekly basis with valuable information that you can use.

Most sports tips are fairly expensive and if you want to take advantage of them then you must have some extra bucks to throw at the sports tips. This is the common misconception that betting on sports tips makes you a millionaire overnight. However, this is not true because sports tips are like any other tips. If you follow them to the book then you will be able to make money, but in most cases to make money betting on sports tips requires a good knowledge of the game, a bit of skill and luck on your side.

In fact, sports bettors need to know a bit about sports, about individual players, teams, their playing styles, strengths and weaknesses, and other relevant factors in order to make good bets. In most cases, sports bettors rely on a single sports betting tipster to formulate their betting strategy. They base their entire choice of bets on their assessment of a bettors’ betting strategy. Betting strategy depends on many factors such as type of sports, number of bet, size of bet, betting amount, betting frequency, betting bankroll, bettors’ reputation in the sports betting world, etc.

Now that you have sports betting strategy, you need to follow it consistently in order to maximize your winnings. Most bettors will simply follow the advice of their tipsters even if they do not have a good understanding of the sports betting world. The mistake that bettors commit is that they let their emotions affect their choice of bets. For example, if a tipster says that a certain team has a very strong chance to win a game, bettors will pick the team that looks better. They will place a larger bet to complement the tipster’s strategy.

Bets with a small bankroll are often more risky because bettors have less cash at stake. Bettors with a small bankroll tend to be more emotional. Their main motivation is to increase their bankroll, even if it means losing the chance to win big. They do not really care if they lose or not. They will just do anything to increase their bankroll.

Your betting strategy sports tips should allow you to identify good teams to bet on and bad teams to avoid. It should also be flexible enough to accommodate changes in your betting options. You should look for sports betting options available online where you can place lower bets 먹튀폴리스. By doing so, you reduce the risk of dealing with bookmakers who sometimes fail to meet their commitments. You should also make sure that the tips make use of several types of betting systems.

 

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