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Driver-less technology on Hyderabad metro rail

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Two loco pilots to run the trains till passengers grow accustomed to its operation

The Hyderabad Metro Rail (HMR) will have two drivers, one in the front cabin for the onward journey and the other in the rear cabin for the return direction. But wait! Is this not supposed to be the first metro rail system in the country to adopt the Communication-Based Train Control (CBTC) technology for all the three corridors?

The metro rail authorities have been talking about the CBTC ever since the project work commenced. Then why should there be any loco pilots at all to run the metro trains? When this was asked to HMR managing director N.V.S. Reddy, he had an interesting answer.

“The L&T Metro Rail Hyderabad (L&TMRH) has deployed the latest technology available for the metro rail system through CBTC and this can enable automatic train control operations, but for now, we will not be using the technology to the fullest,” he explained.

Pray why? Apparently, when the technology was first used in the metro rail system in Europe without any loco pilot on an experimental basis a few years ago, passengers panicked thinking it was a ‘ghost train’ and tried to jump off it!

However, Mr. Reddy said in some of the advanced nations, the CBTC system was being used to the fullest and the metro train services were being run without the loco pilots. “What the loco pilots do in our trains is to keep a close watch on the happenings in the trains and at the stations,” he said. They can also operate the opening and closing of the doors, which are generally done automatically.

The trains would be controlled and monitored from the state-of-the-art Operation Control Centre (OCC) at Uppal depot, also with a back up centre where the giant display panel would indicate the trains’ movement on all the corridors along with their current locations.

In the unlikely event of the CBTC failure, a fallback system has been put in place as a secondary train detection system. While the Automatic Train Operation (ATO) is the normal mode of operation of trains, the Automatic Train Protection (ATP) system continuously monitors the safe train operation and initiates necessary action if a train does not respond as expected, according to L&TMRH officials.

The HMR MD said over a period of time, once the passengers get used to the trains’ operations, they would likely be run without the loco pilots.

Article Source : thehindu.com

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At long last No Wires! Manual for Using an EVDO Internet Access Card and Router for Trade Shows

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At long last No Wires! Manual for Using an EVDO Internet Access Card and Router for Trade Shows

At long last No Wires! Manual for Using an EVDO Internet Access Card and Router for Trade Shows

In February 2006 D-Link, an outstanding switch organization, and Kyocera, a notable phone items maker, propelled an item that will upset how public expo exhibitors will access broadband Internet get to.

Much of the time exhibitors didn’t have numerous choices when it came to Internet access at expos, in truth there was extremely just one. You either leased it from the show creation organization or did without. At certain demonstrates the day by day access rate was $500 or more. Presently there is a choice. In the previous year remote access through mobile phone frameworks has expanded at an amazing rate and that entrance is currently accessible in an arrangement that can be shared by different clients.

The innovation is called EVDO and this is the thing that phone bearers Verizon Wireless and Sprint use to disseminate a remote broadband sign to its endorsers. A run of the mill arrangement incorporates a record with one of these suppliers, a PC and an entrance card that attachments into the PC card space or PCMCIA Slot. This arrangement is fine if just a single client needed access, however imagine a scenario in which you needed to make a wired or remote system.

This is the place the “upheaval” takes place…the EVDO switch. This switch, accessible at Kyocera and at D-Link sooner rather than later, empower you to take the entrance card and offer it by means of a wired or remote access. Comparative innovations existed before this switch turned out, yet they weren’t charged as moderate choices. The Kyocera EVDO Router has a road cost of $250 – $300. These are the things you will require so as to utilize this innovation.

Web Access Account – $60-$100 per month* – Verizon Wireless or Sprint

EVDO PC Card – $50-$200**
EVDO Router – $250-$300***

Absolute – $1740-$2900 – in light of 24 Months of Service

*see specialist organization’s sites for subtleties and offers.
**see specialist organization’s sites for subtleties and offers.
***see equipment supplier’s sites for subtleties and offers.

As of now, most specialist organizations expect you to sign a two year contract for both a telephone and Internet access to get their least rate so please verify whether administration (Verizon Coverage, Sprint Coverage) and what plans are accessible in your general vicinity. The all out expense of two years of administration and equipment can be equivalent to what one organization pays for access at one show so you can see the staggering worth. You additionally have the utilization of an innovation that empowers you to approach the Internet day in and day out/365 without the need of any wires.

At the point when EVDO is combined with best in class compact batteries then the innovation can be utilized in manners never envisioned. Envision lashing on a confined outdoors knapsack that has a convenient battery, workstation, and an EVDO card connected to the EVDO switch. Likewise connected to the switch is a web-cam that has been appended to a cap that is your responsibility. You presently have a remote, versatile, go anyplace webcasting arrangement. Couple this arrangement with a remote bluetooth headset that fittings into an EVDO telephone (particular telephone that can be utilized with the switch) and now you can give intuitive voyages through the show floor with two-way correspondence that is communicated back to a site. Different uses incorporate POS frameworks and charge card approval frameworks.

As far as I can tell, EVDO won’t just set aside a large number of exhibitors’ cash however it has made another degree of network for our industry. It will likewise be utilized to make a totally different classification of public exhibition encounters and for me that is the most energizing part!

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Electronic Payment at Toll Plazas – Fastag

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Fastag promotes the use of digitized methods to deduct toll charges automatically without needing to stop your vehicle. Usually most of us when traveling from one state to another or using a highway; stop at toll plazas and wait in queues to pay in cash for the toll. The con of this process is that is a time-consuming method where you utilize crucial time in waiting for the vehicles before you to move ahead and pay the toll charges. It is irritating and also means that you carry changes in your wallet.

Fast forward to the RFID or radio-frequency identification technology, also called Fastag that is fixed to your vehicle so that you can zoom past everyone else on the toll plaza – no stopping, no waiting and no paying in cash. The money is automatically detected from the account that has been linked to your Fastag.

Advantages of using the Fastag

  • It is obviously a big-time savior. Keeps everyone’s mood and spirits intact and high.
  • One of the greatest benefits of the Fastag is that it helps save fuel – Indian weather conditions are such that most of us keep the air-conditioning on when we were are waiting at traffic lights and toll plazas – which means waste of petrol, diesel, gas etc.
  • It is a form of prepaid connection just like a prepaid mobile recharge card. The Fastagcan be recharged at any time from any place. Every time your vehicle crosses the toll, the requisite amount is automatically deducted from your balance.
  • No more dealing in cash.

How to use Fastag?

A Fastag will be issued by the National Electronic Toll Collection department. You can choose to link the RFID tag either to your bank account or to an e-wallet from a credible service provider like Paytm, MobiKwik or PhonePe. In order to be able to do this link up, you would be required to have a bank account with the respective bank or be a registered wallet user with the e-wallet service provider.

In case you choose to go ahead with the latter option, a sub-wallet is created from your existing e-wallet that is called the Fastag Wallet. This particular sub-wallet will have a monetary limit to it as per rules laid down by RBI, the apex financial body in India. Pertaining to changes made in the rules and regulations by the apex body, the same will automatically apply to your general e-wallet and the Fastag Wallet.

Once your vehicle has been equipped with the RFID tag, you would be required to travel using the ETC or the Electronic Toll collection lane which has a device to sense the tag and initiate a payment processing mechanism at the backend for the money to get deducted from yourFastag Wallet.

There are certain dos and don’ts here – for example, this particular sub-wallet cannot be used for any other commercial online transactionand payment. Also customers cannot have more than one such tag on their vehicle. It is the customer’s responsibility to keep the tag safe and would need to submit their original vehicle registration certificate to get the tag issued.

 

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