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Dubai Metro Network

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Dubai inaugurated its metro network in September 2009, becoming the first urban metro network to run in the Gulf’s Arab states. The system has eased the daily commute for thousands of the workers in the emirate.

With an economy increasingly based upon financial services, air transport, property development and tourism, Dubai has a rapidly growing population and severe traffic congestion problems. The population is forecast to increase by 6.4{193319180524fe1cbcf93f2fa4436f311e82d10b1113c9fa2c57b372435e0a56} annually, rising to three million by 2017.

“In full operation, Dubai Metro is projected to carry approximately 1.2 million passengers on an average day, and 355 million passengers a year.”

Dubai Municipality identified the need for a rail system to relieve growing motor traffic levels and support continuing urban development based on studies which began in 1997. Systra was awarded the preliminary engineering contract, and Dubai Rail Link (DURL), a consortium of four companies headed by Japan’s Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI), led the project to build the first two lines of the high-tech driverless rapid transit system. The other consortium members are the Japanese Obayashi and Kajima corporations, as well as Yapi Merkezi of Turkey.

The metro will be fully integrated within the network operated by the Roads & Transport Authority (RTA), a body created in 2005. Routes will be organised around the backbone provided by the rail system.

Around 1.74 million passengers used the metro in its first month, according to the statistics released by the RTA. The average number of passengers travelling on the Red Line is estimated at around 180,000 a day. Green Line passenger capacity is estimated to be 100,000 a day.

The Red Line was the first line to be completed, in April 2010. The Green line was opened in September 2011. Two more lines are planned. The intention is for 320km of metro lines to be in place in Dubai by 2020. Dubai Metro is the longest automated driverless system in the world.

DURL officials are also in the process of negotiations with major local and international companies for acquiring brand naming rights – in other words, advertisement rights – for the stations on Red and Green lines.

In February 2012 the Dubai Metro entered the Guinness World Records book as the longest driverless metro network in the world, spanning 74.69km.

Dubai Metro network early stages and gradual station openings

Groundworks began in February 2006, centred on the 52.1km Red line. As of April 2012 all 29 stations on the Red Line have been inaugurated. Eight of the Red line stations were opened in September 2009. Two stations were opened in January 2010.

Station construction stalled temporarily due to payment disputes – worth $2-3bn – between DURL and its contractors, but resumed in February 2010. Seven more stations opened in April 2010, followed by another three in May 2010 and five in October 2010. Two more stations were opened in March 2011.

In August 2006, a second contract worth $12bn was awarded to the MHI consortium for building the Green line. The Green line runs between Al-Qusais and Al-Jadaf, and links strategic locations including Dubai Airport and Healthcare City. In June 2007, Serco (operator of the Docklands Light Railway in London) was named as preferred bidder for initial consultation and the system’s operation and maintenance.

The Green line was initially planned to open in March 2010, but this was subsequently postponed to September 2011.

Infrastructure and routes of the emirate’s Red and Green lines

The 52.1km Red line has 29 stations, four of which are underground. The line runs from Al-Rashidiya to Jebel Ali and passes the American University of Dubai. It serves an estimated 32,000 passengers an hour. There are plans to extend the Red Line by 15.5km, a move which would add six stations to the route.

The 23km Green line has 18 stations, two of which are transfer stations shared with the Red line. The route is extended to serve the Deira and Bur Dubai central areas, up to the Burjuman and Wafi shopping centres. An 11km extension to the Green line has been proposed, to cover the route between Al-Jadaf and International City station.

The routes run underground in the city centre: from the Sheikh Rashid / Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed intersection to the Salahuddin / Abu Bakr Al Siddique intersection on the Red line, and from Garhoud to Oud Metha Road on the Green line.

Elsewhere, trains run on elevated viaducts designed to enhance the urban architecture along the route. The tracks do not cross highways at any point, ensuring full mode segregation. Although taxi, bus and water taxi feeder services were structured to encourage end-to-end use of public transport, the RTA created three park-and-ride sites, the largest of which has 6,000 places.

Underground works have been carried out without affecting buildings. A third-rail power supply was chosen to avoid the visual intrusion of overhead line equipment. All stations, elevated or underground, feature platform screen doors for passenger safety and to facilitate air conditioning.

RTA has introduced ‘feeder bus routes’ to allow commuters to travel from major locations in and around stations. Drop-off zones and a bus and taxi lay-by have also been constructed outside of each station. To further reduce the area’s reliance upon road transport, the authority is considering adding 268km of light rail lines which will serve as feeders to the Dubai Metro.

Rolling stock orders for the first urban metro network in the region

The driverless, fully automated trains are fully air-conditioned and designed to meet Dubai’s specific requirements. Unusual for metro operation, the trains offer standard ‘silver’ class areas, a women and children-only section, plus a first-class ‘gold’ section (a carriage for VIPs). The five-car sets are approximately 75m long, seating around 400 passengers but with standing room for many more.

Rolling stock is being supplied by Kinki Sharyo under a $456.2m contract for 385 cars, the first of which arrived from Japan in March 2008. A total of 87 five-car trains were acquired by the RTA, with 62 used on the Red line and 25 on the Green line. This will gradually be increased to 106 trains.

Storage and maintenance needs to take place undercover due to the heat and dust conditions in Dubai. The main depot is at Al-Rashidiya, and has a capacity for 64 trains. Auxiliary depots are at Jebel Ali and Al-Qusais.

The trains have a maximum speed of 90km/hr, forming a round trip of two hours and 23 minutes for the Red line and one hour and 23 minutes for the Green line.

Signalling and communications along Dubai’s Metro system

The fully automated signalling and communication system is being supplied by Thales Rail Signalling Solutions. The automatic train control system allows headways of between 90 seconds and two minutes.

In 2005, MHI contracted Alcatel (now Alcatel-Lucent) to supply the driverless train control system and a communications system for on-train video surveillance, passenger information, public addresses and the integrated control centre. Trains are Wi-Fi enabled.

The system’s control centre is at the Al-Rashidiya depot. The project’s signalling system is moving block and fully automated with in-cab signalling.

Emergency call boxes and LED systems developed by Trantek are fixed in the trains.

Future for Dubai’s Metro project, expansions and new lines

In full operation, Dubai Metro is projected to carry approximately 1.2 million passengers on an average day, and 355 million passengers a year.

“Dubai inaugurated its metro network in September 2009, becoming the first urban metro network to run in the Gulf’s Arab states.”

Operating costs, including staff, maintenance and power, should be approximately AED570m a year. This is expected to be met through fares and additional revenues such as advertisement space and joint development.

In May 2007, the 49km Purple line received approval, moving ahead of another future projection, the Blue line. Parsons Brinckerhoff has been contracted for initial design work on the express eight-station line from Dubai International Airport to Al Maktoum International Airport along Al Khail Road.

Construction is yet to begin on the line. Dubai airport has raised concerns as the line also has three check-in facilities which hamper passenger traffic.

The 47km Blue line will link the current international airport with the new Dubai World Central International Airport, which is being built at Jebel Ali, as part of a transport hub. Construction of this line will commence in 2012 and is expected to be completed by 2014.

In April 2008, the RTA announced that the development of the Yellow line, a light rail operation, would be carried out by a consortium including Serco and Alstom.

Article Source : railway-technology.com/

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How to choose Online HR Software

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When you run any kind of business, one thing that you need to have is boundaries and rules. Every business needs to be able to set a clear set of parameters, rules, and programmes for all of your staff to work towards. You, though, likely do not have the time to set all of this up for your yourself. That is why we recommend that you take the time to look closer at hiring an online HR software system. What, though, matters when it comes to choosing an online HR software package?

Suitability

First off, make sure that it is a fair suitable mix for the kind of business that you run. A good HR system is not always the right system for you. Sometimes, you need to find one that is tailored to the entire industry that you and your firm are a part of. However, you would do well to find out just how suitable – if at all – that their ideas and suggestions are going to be for you long-term.

Affordability

Another important thing to look into is the cost of the content in the first place. Many people make the mistake of going for a highly unaffordable solution, investing in content that might not make ideal sense for their business. You don’t need a huge, multi-business HR system if you are running a small business. Make sure that you have not invested in HR software that might go beyond what you actually need and want to use moving forward.

Flexibility

A good HR system can easily be used and adjusted to fit with your own particular needs. We recommend that you spend more time looking at how flexible you can make things. Take the time to look at the level of flexibility that you would have expected when it comes to the services and features that it can offer. Does this allow you to make the adjustments that you would have expected when you made your investment in HR?

Variety

Another thing that you should be looking for is a variety in the kind of options provided to you. Does it give you the kind of options that you need to build up and scale as time goes on, too? Some online HR platforms are lacking in flexibility in terms of scalability, so make sure that this is an issue that you can deal with. Always only invest in software that meets your short-term and long-term needs.

Support

Lastly, how good is the support? It’s essential that you get a good standard of support for any services or features that you intend to use. Make sure that you research this as closely as you can, as it will play a huge role in making sure you can get use these HR services to your advantage as time goes on.

HR platforms like this will make a big difference to the quality of your business and staff management. So, with that in mind, be sure to take a look and see what you can learn from HR today. Sometimes, it’s easier just to use an online system like this.

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AddVideos – One stop solution to all types of videos

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Addvideos are a group of greatness driven creatives with workplaces in Germany and India. Having set up right around 20 years prior, they have been working with little and substantial organizations everywhere throughout the world to give cutting-edge video creation administrations. They have set up Addvideos to help organizations who need to showcase themselves universally, move more, and to have a superior effort and associate with customers in an important, connecting way. Their administrations extend from animation, 3d activity, movement illustrations, live activity, and whiteboard video, and so on.

Their group comprises of innovative and talented substance authors, video makers, and visual originators having expertise in 2D, 3D, post creations, virtual/enlarged reality, and video narrating.

How do they work?

We begin by building up the idea of the video, investigating inventive headings, and composing a convincing content. An endorsed content is then trailed by a storyboard. At that point, we use best-in-class gear and innovations to convey a video that surpasses your desires.

Why work with Addvideos?

Experience and imagination justify themselves with real evidence. View their portfolio and tributes to comprehend what we have been doing. No venture is too enormous for us, and we adore the test of a huge scale creation. We consider client administration important, which is the reason we can comply with tight time constraints. We incorporate all mastery, offering all video creation benefits under one roof: composing the content, shooting recordings over each of the five landmasses, and making an interpretation of the video into 50+ dialects.

Their Services in video making:

  • Cartoon Animated videos

Just like explainer recordings, Cartoon animated videos are a standout amongst the most prevalent alternatives with regards to video advertising since they drive client commitment and make an association among brand and watcher. Cartoon animated videos help in expanding change rates by practically 10x. Best of all, they are enjoyable to watch, and we work for both B2B and B2C.

  • White Board Videos

Whiteboard videos are engaging, convincing and eye-getting, which makes them a standout amongst the best methods for exhibiting an organization, item or administration. Joined with voiceovers, whiteboard videos likewise helps you clarify specialized ideas such that makes the group of onlooker’s simple to pursue.

  • Movement Graphics

They are likewise alluded to as infographics. Specialized data is difficult to pursue and recall when introduced as a hard copy; however, movement designs can breathe life into it and recount a connecting with the story. Utilized alone or joined with other video styles, movement designs can transform whole squares of content into a seconds-in length video that is both exceptional and fascinating to watch.

  • Live Actions

We can catch the substance of your business, administrations, and item fabricating procedure utilizing expertly shot video recordings focusing on your organization’s center moving socioeconomics. Regardless of whether they are finished utilizing stock film or recordings shot on premises, live actions videos can be utilized to introduce your corporate personality.

  • HTML Animations

HTML videos are an incredible method for making your corporate site or video increasingly powerful and locks in. From inconspicuous impacts to enlivened composition, HTML videos come in numerous shapes, and we can enable you to discover one that coordinates your visual character.

Conclusion

Each customer is interesting, and Addvideos can enable you to convey them an uncommon message through videos created by us.

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