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Dubai Metro Network

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Dubai inaugurated its metro network in September 2009, becoming the first urban metro network to run in the Gulf’s Arab states. The system has eased the daily commute for thousands of the workers in the emirate.

With an economy increasingly based upon financial services, air transport, property development and tourism, Dubai has a rapidly growing population and severe traffic congestion problems. The population is forecast to increase by 6.4{193319180524fe1cbcf93f2fa4436f311e82d10b1113c9fa2c57b372435e0a56} annually, rising to three million by 2017.

“In full operation, Dubai Metro is projected to carry approximately 1.2 million passengers on an average day, and 355 million passengers a year.”

Dubai Municipality identified the need for a rail system to relieve growing motor traffic levels and support continuing urban development based on studies which began in 1997. Systra was awarded the preliminary engineering contract, and Dubai Rail Link (DURL), a consortium of four companies headed by Japan’s Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI), led the project to build the first two lines of the high-tech driverless rapid transit system. The other consortium members are the Japanese Obayashi and Kajima corporations, as well as Yapi Merkezi of Turkey.

The metro will be fully integrated within the network operated by the Roads & Transport Authority (RTA), a body created in 2005. Routes will be organised around the backbone provided by the rail system.

Around 1.74 million passengers used the metro in its first month, according to the statistics released by the RTA. The average number of passengers travelling on the Red Line is estimated at around 180,000 a day. Green Line passenger capacity is estimated to be 100,000 a day.

The Red Line was the first line to be completed, in April 2010. The Green line was opened in September 2011. Two more lines are planned. The intention is for 320km of metro lines to be in place in Dubai by 2020. Dubai Metro is the longest automated driverless system in the world.

DURL officials are also in the process of negotiations with major local and international companies for acquiring brand naming rights – in other words, advertisement rights – for the stations on Red and Green lines.

In February 2012 the Dubai Metro entered the Guinness World Records book as the longest driverless metro network in the world, spanning 74.69km.

Dubai Metro network early stages and gradual station openings

Groundworks began in February 2006, centred on the 52.1km Red line. As of April 2012 all 29 stations on the Red Line have been inaugurated. Eight of the Red line stations were opened in September 2009. Two stations were opened in January 2010.

Station construction stalled temporarily due to payment disputes – worth $2-3bn – between DURL and its contractors, but resumed in February 2010. Seven more stations opened in April 2010, followed by another three in May 2010 and five in October 2010. Two more stations were opened in March 2011.

In August 2006, a second contract worth $12bn was awarded to the MHI consortium for building the Green line. The Green line runs between Al-Qusais and Al-Jadaf, and links strategic locations including Dubai Airport and Healthcare City. In June 2007, Serco (operator of the Docklands Light Railway in London) was named as preferred bidder for initial consultation and the system’s operation and maintenance.

The Green line was initially planned to open in March 2010, but this was subsequently postponed to September 2011.

Infrastructure and routes of the emirate’s Red and Green lines

The 52.1km Red line has 29 stations, four of which are underground. The line runs from Al-Rashidiya to Jebel Ali and passes the American University of Dubai. It serves an estimated 32,000 passengers an hour. There are plans to extend the Red Line by 15.5km, a move which would add six stations to the route.

The 23km Green line has 18 stations, two of which are transfer stations shared with the Red line. The route is extended to serve the Deira and Bur Dubai central areas, up to the Burjuman and Wafi shopping centres. An 11km extension to the Green line has been proposed, to cover the route between Al-Jadaf and International City station.

The routes run underground in the city centre: from the Sheikh Rashid / Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed intersection to the Salahuddin / Abu Bakr Al Siddique intersection on the Red line, and from Garhoud to Oud Metha Road on the Green line.

Elsewhere, trains run on elevated viaducts designed to enhance the urban architecture along the route. The tracks do not cross highways at any point, ensuring full mode segregation. Although taxi, bus and water taxi feeder services were structured to encourage end-to-end use of public transport, the RTA created three park-and-ride sites, the largest of which has 6,000 places.

Underground works have been carried out without affecting buildings. A third-rail power supply was chosen to avoid the visual intrusion of overhead line equipment. All stations, elevated or underground, feature platform screen doors for passenger safety and to facilitate air conditioning.

RTA has introduced ‘feeder bus routes’ to allow commuters to travel from major locations in and around stations. Drop-off zones and a bus and taxi lay-by have also been constructed outside of each station. To further reduce the area’s reliance upon road transport, the authority is considering adding 268km of light rail lines which will serve as feeders to the Dubai Metro.

Rolling stock orders for the first urban metro network in the region

The driverless, fully automated trains are fully air-conditioned and designed to meet Dubai’s specific requirements. Unusual for metro operation, the trains offer standard ‘silver’ class areas, a women and children-only section, plus a first-class ‘gold’ section (a carriage for VIPs). The five-car sets are approximately 75m long, seating around 400 passengers but with standing room for many more.

Rolling stock is being supplied by Kinki Sharyo under a $456.2m contract for 385 cars, the first of which arrived from Japan in March 2008. A total of 87 five-car trains were acquired by the RTA, with 62 used on the Red line and 25 on the Green line. This will gradually be increased to 106 trains.

Storage and maintenance needs to take place undercover due to the heat and dust conditions in Dubai. The main depot is at Al-Rashidiya, and has a capacity for 64 trains. Auxiliary depots are at Jebel Ali and Al-Qusais.

The trains have a maximum speed of 90km/hr, forming a round trip of two hours and 23 minutes for the Red line and one hour and 23 minutes for the Green line.

Signalling and communications along Dubai’s Metro system

The fully automated signalling and communication system is being supplied by Thales Rail Signalling Solutions. The automatic train control system allows headways of between 90 seconds and two minutes.

In 2005, MHI contracted Alcatel (now Alcatel-Lucent) to supply the driverless train control system and a communications system for on-train video surveillance, passenger information, public addresses and the integrated control centre. Trains are Wi-Fi enabled.

The system’s control centre is at the Al-Rashidiya depot. The project’s signalling system is moving block and fully automated with in-cab signalling.

Emergency call boxes and LED systems developed by Trantek are fixed in the trains.

Future for Dubai’s Metro project, expansions and new lines

In full operation, Dubai Metro is projected to carry approximately 1.2 million passengers on an average day, and 355 million passengers a year.

“Dubai inaugurated its metro network in September 2009, becoming the first urban metro network to run in the Gulf’s Arab states.”

Operating costs, including staff, maintenance and power, should be approximately AED570m a year. This is expected to be met through fares and additional revenues such as advertisement space and joint development.

In May 2007, the 49km Purple line received approval, moving ahead of another future projection, the Blue line. Parsons Brinckerhoff has been contracted for initial design work on the express eight-station line from Dubai International Airport to Al Maktoum International Airport along Al Khail Road.

Construction is yet to begin on the line. Dubai airport has raised concerns as the line also has three check-in facilities which hamper passenger traffic.

The 47km Blue line will link the current international airport with the new Dubai World Central International Airport, which is being built at Jebel Ali, as part of a transport hub. Construction of this line will commence in 2012 and is expected to be completed by 2014.

In April 2008, the RTA announced that the development of the Yellow line, a light rail operation, would be carried out by a consortium including Serco and Alstom.

Article Source : railway-technology.com/

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At long last No Wires! Manual for Using an EVDO Internet Access Card and Router for Trade Shows

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At long last No Wires! Manual for Using an EVDO Internet Access Card and Router for Trade Shows

At long last No Wires! Manual for Using an EVDO Internet Access Card and Router for Trade Shows

In February 2006 D-Link, an outstanding switch organization, and Kyocera, a notable phone items maker, propelled an item that will upset how public expo exhibitors will access broadband Internet get to.

Much of the time exhibitors didn’t have numerous choices when it came to Internet access at expos, in truth there was extremely just one. You either leased it from the show creation organization or did without. At certain demonstrates the day by day access rate was $500 or more. Presently there is a choice. In the previous year remote access through mobile phone frameworks has expanded at an amazing rate and that entrance is currently accessible in an arrangement that can be shared by different clients.

The innovation is called EVDO and this is the thing that phone bearers Verizon Wireless and Sprint use to disseminate a remote broadband sign to its endorsers. A run of the mill arrangement incorporates a record with one of these suppliers, a PC and an entrance card that attachments into the PC card space or PCMCIA Slot. This arrangement is fine if just a single client needed access, however imagine a scenario in which you needed to make a wired or remote system.

This is the place the “upheaval” takes place…the EVDO switch. This switch, accessible at Kyocera and at D-Link sooner rather than later, empower you to take the entrance card and offer it by means of a wired or remote access. Comparative innovations existed before this switch turned out, yet they weren’t charged as moderate choices. The Kyocera EVDO Router has a road cost of $250 – $300. These are the things you will require so as to utilize this innovation.

Web Access Account – $60-$100 per month* – Verizon Wireless or Sprint

EVDO PC Card – $50-$200**
EVDO Router – $250-$300***

Absolute – $1740-$2900 – in light of 24 Months of Service

*see specialist organization’s sites for subtleties and offers.
**see specialist organization’s sites for subtleties and offers.
***see equipment supplier’s sites for subtleties and offers.

As of now, most specialist organizations expect you to sign a two year contract for both a telephone and Internet access to get their least rate so please verify whether administration (Verizon Coverage, Sprint Coverage) and what plans are accessible in your general vicinity. The all out expense of two years of administration and equipment can be equivalent to what one organization pays for access at one show so you can see the staggering worth. You additionally have the utilization of an innovation that empowers you to approach the Internet day in and day out/365 without the need of any wires.

At the point when EVDO is combined with best in class compact batteries then the innovation can be utilized in manners never envisioned. Envision lashing on a confined outdoors knapsack that has a convenient battery, workstation, and an EVDO card connected to the EVDO switch. Likewise connected to the switch is a web-cam that has been appended to a cap that is your responsibility. You presently have a remote, versatile, go anyplace webcasting arrangement. Couple this arrangement with a remote bluetooth headset that fittings into an EVDO telephone (particular telephone that can be utilized with the switch) and now you can give intuitive voyages through the show floor with two-way correspondence that is communicated back to a site. Different uses incorporate POS frameworks and charge card approval frameworks.

As far as I can tell, EVDO won’t just set aside a large number of exhibitors’ cash however it has made another degree of network for our industry. It will likewise be utilized to make a totally different classification of public exhibition encounters and for me that is the most energizing part!

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Electronic Payment at Toll Plazas – Fastag

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Fastag promotes the use of digitized methods to deduct toll charges automatically without needing to stop your vehicle. Usually most of us when traveling from one state to another or using a highway; stop at toll plazas and wait in queues to pay in cash for the toll. The con of this process is that is a time-consuming method where you utilize crucial time in waiting for the vehicles before you to move ahead and pay the toll charges. It is irritating and also means that you carry changes in your wallet.

Fast forward to the RFID or radio-frequency identification technology, also called Fastag that is fixed to your vehicle so that you can zoom past everyone else on the toll plaza – no stopping, no waiting and no paying in cash. The money is automatically detected from the account that has been linked to your Fastag.

Advantages of using the Fastag

  • It is obviously a big-time savior. Keeps everyone’s mood and spirits intact and high.
  • One of the greatest benefits of the Fastag is that it helps save fuel – Indian weather conditions are such that most of us keep the air-conditioning on when we were are waiting at traffic lights and toll plazas – which means waste of petrol, diesel, gas etc.
  • It is a form of prepaid connection just like a prepaid mobile recharge card. The Fastagcan be recharged at any time from any place. Every time your vehicle crosses the toll, the requisite amount is automatically deducted from your balance.
  • No more dealing in cash.

How to use Fastag?

A Fastag will be issued by the National Electronic Toll Collection department. You can choose to link the RFID tag either to your bank account or to an e-wallet from a credible service provider like Paytm, MobiKwik or PhonePe. In order to be able to do this link up, you would be required to have a bank account with the respective bank or be a registered wallet user with the e-wallet service provider.

In case you choose to go ahead with the latter option, a sub-wallet is created from your existing e-wallet that is called the Fastag Wallet. This particular sub-wallet will have a monetary limit to it as per rules laid down by RBI, the apex financial body in India. Pertaining to changes made in the rules and regulations by the apex body, the same will automatically apply to your general e-wallet and the Fastag Wallet.

Once your vehicle has been equipped with the RFID tag, you would be required to travel using the ETC or the Electronic Toll collection lane which has a device to sense the tag and initiate a payment processing mechanism at the backend for the money to get deducted from yourFastag Wallet.

There are certain dos and don’ts here – for example, this particular sub-wallet cannot be used for any other commercial online transactionand payment. Also customers cannot have more than one such tag on their vehicle. It is the customer’s responsibility to keep the tag safe and would need to submit their original vehicle registration certificate to get the tag issued.

 

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