Fibromyalgia refers to the disorder that leads to muscle fatigue and a constant sort of pain. People who suffer from fibromyalgia have different sort of tender points on their body. These tender points tend to hurt a great deal when pressure is put on them. These tender points are situated on the shoulders, neck, arms, hips, back etc.
People who suffer from this chronic disorder has other symptoms too which include:
- People who suffer from fibromyalgia have a lot of trouble sleeping. Because of the constant pain that they suffer from they have trouble getting deep sleep.
- Anyone suffering from fibromyalgia will also have morning stiffness where they all the muscles in their body will become very stiff.
- They also tend to suffer from migraines.
- The menstrual cycle becomes more painful since the cramps are way too intense.
- There’s a tingling or a numbing sensation that can be felt in the hands and the feet.
- People also tend to suffer from a memory problem. This is often referred to as the “fibro-fog”.
There’s no particular breakthrough research which can pinpoint the cause of this disease. Anyone can suffer from this problem but it is mostly seen in middle-aged women. People who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis and other kind of auto-immune diseases are the ones who are more prone to this disease. There have been no cures for this disease but doctors tend to give you medications in order to fight the symptoms of fibromyalgia. Having a healthy lifestyle which includes getting plenty of good sleep, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy diet can help you combat the symptoms of this disease more effectively.
One of the things that make it hard for the doctors to detect fibromyalgia is the fact that it cannot be quite confirmed through simple sort of laboratory tests.
Risk Factors of Fibromyalgia
There are many risk factors that occur when you are suffering from fibromyalgia. Age is a great factor when it comes to having this disease. Middle aged people tend to have this disease and with age it gets worse. If you are suffering from lupus or rheumatoid arthritis you are more likely to suffer from this chronic disease.
But there can be other factors involved in triggering this too. Women are likely to suffer from this disease more than men do. Any sort of stressful or traumatic event such as post traumatic stress disorder or PTSD, card accidents etc can trigger the onset of this disease. Any sort of repetitive injuries on your body can lead to this too. If you suffer from any illness or have a family history then you can get fibromyalgia.
Diagnosis and Treatment Of Fibromyalgia
Most of the time it is quite hard to diagnose fibromyalgia. Doctors tend to look at the family history of the patient along with running some tests, although lab tests do not generally help in diagnosing this disease. Physical examination is needed too along with some blood tests.
This disease can easily be treated with the help of some medication and other self-management strategies. It is important that a professional or a doctor treat this disease because if it is handled in a callous manner, the pain can get quite severe. Rheumatologists can help treat the problem. When it comes to treating this disease there are different methods that are adapted:
- Medicines that include prescription drugs and other drugs that help in relieving pain.
- Aerobic exercise help in making your heart stronger while the muscle strengthening exercises help you get rid of the stiffness and the muscle cramps.
- There should be a good amount of stress management exercises that include yoga, massage and meditation to have a better life.
- It is important to adapt good sleeping habits such as having the same sleeping schedule on weekdays and weekends, having a hot bath before going to sleep, drinking jasmine tea to soothe your nerves.
- CBT or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy helps in treating the underlying depression. It is also a kind of talk therapy that helps in changing the way people think.
Other than medical treatments many people also get to manage their fibromyalgia when they adapt the self-management strategies that helps in the reduction of chronic pain.